Sputum examination

EXAMINATION OF SPUTUM COLLECTION OF SPUTUM. Sputum sample is ideally collected in the morning (since secretions accumulate overnight), soon... APPEARANCE OF SPUTUM. MICROBIOLOGICAL EXAMINATION OF SPUTUM. Sputum sample is usually adulterated and contaminated with normal flora of the... EXAMINATION. Examination of sputum 1.  .A sputum culture is test to be detect and identify bacteria or fungi that infect the lungs or breathing passages... 2.  BACTERIA Gram Positive Streptococcus pneumoniae Strephylococcus Aureus Streptococcus pyogenes Gram Negative... 3.  Mycobacterium tuberclosis. The Sputum Examination is a pain-free test conducted to analyse the bacteria or fungi in the lungs that are causing sputum production. It helps in identifying any corollary diseases of sputum production as well Seminar Sputum ExamiNAtion By Dr.Ajay Chavan. 04/12/09 1 Objective Production of Sputum . Collection of sample. 04/12/09 Examination - Ø Macroscopic . Ø Microscopic . Conclusion . 2 PRODUCTION OF SPUTUM Sputum is produced by a spontaneous deep cough bringing up material fro

Examination of Sputum - Bioscienc

  1. ation 1. 1 SPUTUM EXAMINATION Notes on sputum exa
  2. ation is also most important method is most important method for diagnosing Lung Tuberculosis by looking for presence of Tuberculosis bacteria (Mycobacterium Tuberculosis) It can be exa
  3. ation is collected in the morning on an empty stomach after preli
  4. ation of Sputum is commonly done as sputum is desired in cases of suspected pulmonary tuberculosis (caused by M. tuberculosis), Bronchiectasis, Bacterial pneumonia (caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae or Klebsiella pneumoniae), Pulmonary Mycotic infection, and lung abscesses, in case of pneumonia complications and in a variety of systemic diseases that may associated with Respiratory tract
  5. e the presence of pathogens in the sputum (mucus) that may indicate serious infections. Factual research. Healthy livin
  6. Your doctor will probably need about 1 teaspoon (5 milliliters) of sputum to run the test. Try to spit out as much sputum and as little saliva as you can. There are no known risks to the test

Examination of sputum COLLECTION AND TRANSPORT OF SPUTUM Sputum for microbiological investigation is collected and transported as follows: 1- Give the patient a clean, dry, wide-necked, leak-proof container, and request him or her to cough deeply to produce a sputum specimen 1. Sputum examination: (1) Alkali digestive method (10%NaOH), (2) Direct sputum smear. Sputum cytology refers to the examination of sputum (mucus) under a microscope to look for abnormal or cancerous cells. Sputum, or phlegm, is the fluid that is secreted by cells in the lower respiratory tract such as the bronchi and the trachea

Tests to Evaluate Sputum. Sputum may be analyzed in the lab to determine its contents in order to evaluate infections or look for cancer. Tests may include: Sputum culture: A sputum culture is done by placing a sample of a sputum in a growing media (agar dish) and looking for the presence of growth A subtopic of Clinical Patholog Among the 473 patients who had at least one smear, 238 (50%) were registered before sputum examination, 131 (28%) within 1 week, 72 (15%) between 1 and 4 weeks, and 34 (7%) >4 weeks after sputum examination. Conclusion: NTPs in Kiribati and the Marshall Islands are diagnosing 29% of all TB patients as smear-negative pulmonary TB. Many patients. C5.9 Sputum examination Routine sputum culture in clinically stable patients with COPD is unhelpful and unnecessary. Sputum culture is recommended when an infection is not responding to antibiotic therapy or when a resistant organism is suspected

by SpuTuM MicroScopy The purpose of The Handbook is to teach laboratory technicians how to safely collect, process and examine sputum specimens for the laboratory diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB). Sputum microscopy Sputum smear microscopy is one of the most efficient tools for identifying people with infectious TB Sputum Microscopy Culture, Staining, Requirements and Observations. Essentially, sputum is composed of a mixture of saliva and mucus. Also referred to as phlegm, sputum is produced in the bronchi and bronchioles of the respiratory system and coughed up from the lower airways and should not be confused or mistaken for saliva, which is secreted in the mouth for digestion purposes MICROSCOPIC EXAMINATION OF SPUTUM Using a 1-,ul disposable loop (Nunc products), a loopful ofhomogenised sputumwas spread over a 1 cm2area onaglass slide andaGram-stainedfilm was prepared. Thefilms were examined under low-power magnification (x20 objective) for squamous epithelial cells andunder high-power magnificatio About Press Copyright Contact us Creators Advertise Developers Terms Privacy Policy & Safety How YouTube works Test new features Press Copyright Contact us Creators. A sputum culture requires minimal effort on your part. You simply need to provide the sample for the lab to test. You'll be asked to cough deeply to bring up the sputum from your lungs. Saliva that..

Sputum fungal smearRoutine Ova and Parasite Exam | State Public HealthPneumonia

Bloody Sputum ( Hemoptysis) Rusty sputum (Prune-juice) Pneumococcal Pneumonia. Purulent Sputum (yellow, green, dirty-gray) Color alone does not distinguish Bacterial Infection. IV. Causes: Sputum Turbidity. Frothy Sputum (air bubbles, Hemoglobin) Pulmonary Edema Sputum is a mixture of saliva and mucus that you cough up from your respiratory tract. It's usually colored and thick in consistency, especially when you have an infection in your lungs SPUTUM . Sputum is material from the mucous lining of the bronchial tubes and trachea. Its consistency varies from a thin, watery fluid to thick, purulent material, and it has a Ph of 6.6 to 7.1 . PURPOSE OF SPUTUM EXAMINATION . An examination of sputum is made chiefly to reveal the presence of bacteria The number of sputum specimens submitted to laboratory was one in 634 cases, two in 167 cases, three in 186 cases and more than three in 48 cases. 760 (74%) cases had positive smear examination result. The first sputum smear examination was positive in 82.3% of smear positive cases Examination of CSF is an essential step in the diagnosis of any patient with evidence of meningeal irritation or affected cerebrum. Almost 3-10mL of CSF is collected and part of it used for biochemical, immunological, and microscopic examination and remaining for bacteriological or fungal examination

Sputum examination refers to the laboratory examination or test of the material or substance coughed out from the lungs, bronchi, trachea, and larynx. Normally, sputum is mainly composed of mucus. Sputum Examination - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. sputum examination Sputum was induced in 43 patients with AIDS or suspected AIDS just prior to fiberoptic bronchoscopy, scheduled because of an unexplained pulmonary infiltrate on a chest radiograph. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia was diagnosed by sputum examination and/or by a bronchoscopic procedure in 20 patients Macroscopic examination of sputum in patients with pneumonia has an important diagnostic value, often helping to establish the nature of the pathological process and possible complications (eg, bleeding or suppuration) Sputum examination Sputum should be examined macroscopically, microscopically after proper staining, and bacteriologically. Total quantity of sputum in 24 hours, color, consistency and other characteristics like odor and presence of blood are of great value in diagnosis. Presence of fungi in mycotic infections, asbestos bodies in asbestosis and.

Examination of sputum - SlideShar

Clinical examinations Respiratory examination. What is the significance of different sputum types? Type : Characteristics : Associated pathology : Purulent: Thick, yellow/green sputum: Infectious - pneumonia, bronchiectasis and abscess: Mucoid: Clear, grey/white: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma: Serous: Clear, frothy, can be. Sputum examination pdf sputum examination.pdf - 1 SPUTUM EXAMINATION Notes on. If sputum is described as purulent or mucopurulent, or there is a high white cell, polymorph or pus cell count ++ or +++, this suggests that a bacterial infection is more likely to be present Macroscopic examination of sputum. volume : increased production generally indicated worsening condition and decreased generally better. wathery and frothy,pink. pulmonary edema. green. early stage TB pneumonia lung abcess. yellow. bronchiectasis. blOOD. TB cancer. pink. lung edema. white. mucoid. back. excess coal in respiraotry tract Sputum Examination. STUDY. Flashcards. Learn. Write. Spell. Test. PLAY. Match. Gravity. Created by. Alvin_Bahin. Terms in this set (60) Hematemesis. Vomiting of blood which comes from the stomach. Hemoptysis. Expectoration of blood or blood stained sputum which comes from the lungs. Bronchiactasis Microscopic examination of sputum is used in identifying Paragonimus westermani eggs, Strongyloides stercoralis larvae, Ascaris lumbricoides larvae, hookworm larvae, and rarely Entamoeba histolytica. Sputum should be obtained from the lower respiratory passages rather than a sample consisting mainly of saliva

2. Sputum Smear Microscopy The most important method in the diagnosis of tuberculosis is direct microscopic examination of appropriately stained sputum smear for AFB. Direct microscopy is simple and inexpensive, and detects most of the infectious form of pulmonary tuberculosis. Currently, no other diagnostic too Sputum cytology examination is useful for early detection in populations at high risk for lung cancer. In addition, DNA analysis and nuclear image analysis show clear potential to improve or refine diagnosis beyond the use of conventional sputum cytology examination Sputum sample collection involves the collection of expectorated secretions from a patient's lower respiratory tract for the purpose of isolating microorganisms. This guide provides an overview of collecting a sputum sample in an OSCE setting. Download the sputum sample collection PDF OSCE checklist, or use our interactive OSCE checklist storage and transport of sputum specimens and for the examination of sputum smears by direct microscopy. It was meant to address the needs of health care workers in low income, high prevalence countries which represent the bulk of the global tuberculosis caseload. More than twenty years have elapsed since its first publication, and the guid a. In acute Pulmonary oedema:Sputum is a abundant, frothy & pink (upto 1 liter a day) Microscopically, it shows numerous RBC'S & large hyaline masses b. Mitral heart disease:Sputum is tenacious & blood is present, either in streaks or in dark masses mixed with mucus c

Checking your sputum is the best way to find out if you have TB disease. If you are already taking medicine for TB, checking your sputum is the best way to tell if the medicine is working. To be sure the test is accurate, you must cough up sputum from deep inside your lungs. Sputum from your lungs is usually thick and sticky obtained from sputum cytology in the cases in which there had been a delay in diagnosis.7 So sputum examination for malignant cells remained as the sheet anchor of diagnosis for over 60 years and it continues to be used because of the ease of sample acquisition.8However, this technique is not being used in man Sputum samples can be obtained using a non-invasive or invasive method and ideally should be collected before antibiotics are started. Invasive methods include oropharyngeal or endotracheal suctioning; these are used with patients who are intubated. A sputum trap is connected to the suction catheter to collect the sputum (Fig 1) (Brekle, 2017) Sputum is a type of thick mucus that is produced by the lungs when they are diseased or damaged. It is a substance known as phlegm, and it can be an indicator of many respiratory infections. This. A sputum culture is a test to detect and identify bacteria or fungi that infect the lungs or breathing passages. Sputum is a thick fluid produced in the lungs and in the adjacent airways. Normally, fresh morning sample is preferred for the bacteriological examination of sputum. A sample of sputum is collected in a sterile, wide-mouthed, dry, leak-proof and break-resistant plastic-container and.

Sputum Examination Test - Test Results, Normal Range, Cost

Sputum Examination PDF Lung Stainin

  1. Sputum is mucus that is coughed up from the lower airways (the trachea and bronchi).In medicine, sputum samples are usually used for naked eye exam, microbiological investigations of respiratory infections and cytological investigations of respiratory systems. It is critical that the patient not give a specimen that includes any mucoid material from the interior of the nose
  2. ation in our setting is US $ 0.90 . In this study, 1766 patients at the end underwent sputum exa
  3. ation of Gram-stained sputum specimens (Gram staining) and sputum culture for diagnosis of pneumonia. We analyzed the sensitivity of these techniques in 105 patients with pneumococcal pneumonia proven by blood culture
  4. ation of sputum cell counts is limited by the need to process samples within hours of expectoration. The validity and repeatability of a method to preserve sputum for delayed processing and exa
  5. ation of sputum - material raised from the lungs and bronchi during deep coughing - is an important aid in managing lung disease. The usual method of specimen collection is expectoration. Other methods include tracheal suctioning and bronchoscopy. A gram stain of expectorated sputum must be exa
  6. This is a part 2 of my Medical Exam experience in St. Luke's Extension Clinic, Manila back in 2015. Everything was ok but my x-ray. They scheduled me for a sputum exam, and that means a delay on my visa application. Sputum exam at St. Luke's is free if you are applying for a US Visa. They will collect sputum samples for three consecutive days
  7. ation. Sputum microscopy is a simple and inexpensive test to identify Blastomyces, and although the overall sensitivity of this test is modest (< 40%), the potential for rapid identification of the pathogen makes it a reasonable initial option

Sputum examination - SlideShar

  1. December 30, 2016. Sputum cytology is the testing of lung secretions or phlegm to look for cancerous cells. The patient coughs up a sample of mucus, which is viewed under the microscope to identify possible cancer cells. Samples are often collected early in the morning for several days. 1
  2. ation. Respiratory exa
  3. ation of sputum is the reliable method for diagnosing infectious TB in Nepal. Moreover, people with sputum smear positive TB is much more infectious than peopl
  4. ation helpful to undergraduate and postgraduate medical students The Microbiological exa
  5. ation ZN Stain, Sputum you can keep a track of your health in the best way because Healthians is India's leading health test @ home service with more than 7 lac satisfied customers across 39 cities

Sputum Examination - Lung Care Foundatio

الرئيسية - جامعة كرر Sputum will be collected in the early morning working hours for three consecutive days. The testing with sputum culture takes 8 (eight) weeks from the last day of sputum specimen collection. In case of inadequate sample, recollection might be requested when the result will be further delayed Sputum Examination - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics Posted on 27-Jan-2021. Sputum examination is an important aid in the diagnosis of pneumonia. Color, amount, consistency and odor are helpful: mucopurulent sputum is commonly Microscopic examination of the specimen for the presence of alveolar macrophages can help determine whether the. the examination of three initial sputum smears to aid in the decision to discontinue AII for patients with a high suspicion of pulmonary TB.7 However, Xpert MTB/RIF® should not be used as an alternative for the three negative smears following two weeks of treatment as it can detect dead and live bacteria. According to this change, negative result

Sputum examination Competently about health on iLiv

Sputum is a nasty tissue and it's role in research and patient care is not impressive, possibly TB diagnosis is the most important one. In general, sputum seems a difficult sample to spend so much. Definition of sputum noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more Efficacy of repeat sputum examination in RNTCP. Authors: Malik, Sonia Dhingra, V K Hanif, M Vashist, R P: Issue Date: 1-Jan-2009: Citation: Malik S, Dhingra VK, Hanif M, Vashist RP. Efficacy of repeat sputum examination in RNTCP. Indian Journal of Tuberculosis. 2009 Jan; 56(1): 17-21: Abstract

Examination of Sputum Specimen in Laboratory

  1. Rehoaka tsy mifangaro, fitiliana azo antoka [Sputum Collection] In this video, viewers are taught what sputum is and the steps to collect a good sample for TB diagnostic purposes. The video can be shown prior to submitting sputum (e.g., spot samples, home visits, morning samples). This video is in Malagasy
  2. ation of the sputum is an important method for diagnosing certain diseases of the respiratory system. Bacteria, Koch bacilli, cells, fungi, parasites and other elements can be investigated. Bacteria. Under normal conditions in the mouth and in the pharynx there is a mixed flora made up of saprophytic bacteria, and some eventually pathogenic
  3. ation, 131 (28%) within 1 week, 72 (15%) between 1 and 4 weeks, and 34 (7%) >4 weeks after.
  4. ation of a Gram stain of the sample reveals that it contains a significant number of normal cells that line the mouth (squamous epithelial cells), then the sample is not generally considered adequate for culture and a re-collection of the sample may be required

2 tests will be done on your sputum: Smear. Culture. For the smear, lab staff will look at some of your sputum under a microscope. If they see bacteria in your sputum, the smear test result is positive. For the culture, lab staff put some of your sputum into a special container to grow. If bacteria grow, your culture result is positive Sputum examination of sputum for such consultations with symptoms. As the tongue blade to thank the therapeutic approaches used for examination and collection of sputum sample taken from specific medical settings at least one week or cyanotic during collection is the tube

Sputum test : Procedure, price, results, & tuberculosis

Sputum & Sputum Culture Test: Purpose, Procedure, Result

• Collect a series of three sputum specimens, 8-24 hours apart, at least one of which is an early morning specimen • Optimally, sputum should be collected before the initiation of drug therapy • For release from home isolation: • If patient is smear positive and on treatment: Collect sputum until 3 specimens are negative Sputum examination (valid within three months from date of examination) or Chest X-ray (valid within six months from date of examination) Proof of valid HIV seminar (original copy) Additional Requirements for applicants below 18 years old. Original copy of birth certificate Sputum Examination in Junagadh, Bhomyo. 24 Hours Pathology Labs; Phsychology Equipment Suppliers; Computerised Pathology Lab Advanced Screening (Sputum Examination) Anyone with signs and symptoms or a chest x-ray indicating possible TB will need to undergo sputum testing. Sputum collection needs to done on three consecutive mornings. Sputum Test ($1,900 per person per time) Booking Procedure . 1. Read the Common Q&A to understand more about the test. 2 Sputum examination for early detection of lung cancer (REVIEW 2003) F B J M Thunnissen Abstract. Conventional sputum cytology can be used for the detection of lung cancer, but has shown a low yield in prospective screening trials. This review focuses on the technical aspects relevant to the outcome of DNA and image analysis in sputum

1,533 Sputum Examination PPTs View free & download

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Sputum Cytology: Purpose, Procedure, and Result

What Is The Process For The Sputum Examination? Day 1: You will be given a time to show up for the exam, try to get there early. The guard at the entrance will give you a ticket number and a mask after presenting your documents for the appointment. You will be instructed to wait in a seating area with other people waiting for their exam Nasal examination frequently appears in OSCEs and you'll be expected to identify relevant signs using your clinical examination skills. This guide provides a step-by-step approach to performing a nasal examination in an OSCE setting. Download the nasal examination PDF OSCE checklist,.

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Video: Sputum Colors, Tests, and Condition

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Case #420 - May, 2016. Sputum specimens were collected for routine microbiological work-up on an 18-year-old patient from Myanmar who presented with cavitary lung disease. The patient also had international travel to Malaysia and within the United States had visited Illinois, Indiana, and New York. During the examination of a wet mount of the. symptoms sputum examination should not be undertaken in preference to bronchoscopy unless the clinical state ofthe patient renders the latter a dangerous procedure. It has, however, an im-portant place in those patients who have positive radiological signs, and in whom the tumour i sputum Gram stain and culture: presence of acid-fast bacilli (Ziehl-Neelsen stain) in sputum or broncho-alveolar lavage (BAL) More sputum Gram stain and culture Culture of Mycobacterium tuberculosis typically takes several weeks (up to 8); decisions on treatment are usually made before culture results are known